patterns of the skin, as discussed below.
Eczema is an inflammation of the skin which is characterized by dryness,
flakiness, heat and, probably most importantly, itching. Eczema can
occur on just about any part of the body; however, in infants, eczema
typically occurs on the forehead, cheeks, forearms, legs, scalp, and
neck. Affected areas usually appear very dry, thickened, or scaly. There
may be some amount of hyperpigmentation of the affected parts. In
children and adults, eczema typically occurs on the face, neck, and the
insides of the elbows, knees, and ankles. In some people, the itchy rash
can produce an oozing and crusting.In others, the condition may appear
more scaly, dry, and red. Chronic scratching causes the
skin to take on a leathery texture because the skin has
thickened (lichenification).There are two groups of eczemas
called exogenous and endogenous. Exogenous eczema is mostly
caused by contact with external factors such as irritant
substances, certain allergens and due to photosensitivity.
Endogenous eczema is
due to internal factors such as a generalized and prolonged
hypersensitivity (atopy) to certain environmental factors.
These factors could be chemicals, drugs, pollen, dust-mites,
etc. These individuals also frequently exhibit one or more
of other disorders such as asthma, hay fever, urticaria,
food allergies, etc.
Eczema is a chronic skin disease reflected due to
immunological changes within the body. Eczema is curable
only if the immunological disturbance is corrected by
internal medicines such as in homoeopathy. Homoeopathy offers
effective and safe treatment for eczema.