disease causes progressive cognitive deterioration and is characterized
by senile plaques, B-amyloiddeposists , and neurofibrillary
tangles in cerebral cortex and subcortical gray matter. It is the most common cause of dementia;
it accounts for > 65% of dementia in the elderly. As many as 20 % (or
more) of population over 85 years age have the AD.
disorders that cause the
gradual loss of brain cells.Other common abnormalities include increase in brain and CSF
concentrations of the tau protein and reduced levels of choline
acetyltransferase and various neurotranstmitters (eg,somatostatin). Scientists have not
determined exactly why these changes develop. In short, no one yet knows
exactly what causes Alzheimer's disease. Most researchers agree that the
cause may be a complex set of factors. Though Alzheimer's disease affects
individuals in 40s and 50s, studies have shown that the greatest known
risk for developing Alzheimer's is increasing age.As many as 2-4 % of
all people of 65 years of age and older have Alzheimer's. As many as 20
% (or more) of population over 85 years age have the AD. A family
history of the disease is another known risk.
Signís, Symptoms and Diagnosis:
Common symptoms include a gradual loss of memory, problems with
reasoning or judgment, disorientation, difficulty in learning, loss of
language skills, etc. People with dementia also experience changes in
their personalities and behavioural problems. The cumulative effect of
all these changes becomes distressing both to the individual and their
Individuals with AD begin to misplace everyday items, such as the car
keys or eyeglasses, and become disoriented and get lost in familiar
surroundings (such as when driving on well-known streets). With
Alzheimer individual find difficult to perform even familiar tasks and
may forget the steps for preparing a meal, using a household appliance,
or in what order to put clothes on.
How the disease progresses:
advances at widely different rates. The duration of the illness may
often vary from 3 to 20 years. Eventually, the person with Alzheimer's
will need complete care. If the individual has no other serious illness,
the loss of brain function itself may cause death.
Generally, diagnosis is done by a formal mental status examination:
deficit in greater than two areas of cognition; gradual onset and
progressive worsening of memory and other cognitive functions; no
disturbance of consciousness; onset after age 40, most often after 65;
and no systemic or brain disorders that could account for the
progressive deficits in memoryEarly diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease is
an important step in getting appropriate treatment, care, and support
services. There is no one diagnostic test that can detect if a person
has Alzheimer's disease, but the process involves several kinds of tests
and may take more than one day to complete the evaluation. Evaluations
may include the following steps:
A medical history, which collects
information about current mental or physical conditions,
prescription and non prescription drug use, and family health
A mental status evaluation to
assess sense of time and place; ability to remember, understand, and
communicate; and ability to do simple math problems
Investigations like a brain scan
like CT and MRI to detect other causes of dementia.
system of medicine offers reasonably positive response in Alzhiemers.
The role of medicine in certain diseases such as Alzhiemers is to
provide considerable relief.
It acts by Controlling the underlying disease process:
Carefully selected deep acting constitutional homoeopathic medicines
help in controlling the disease process whereby no further deterioration
or brain damage can occur. In short it helps by halting the disease
process and reversing it to a certain extent.
Brings About Considerable Relief of Symptoms:
It helps by
improving symptoms like Falling memory, Anxiety, Disorientation,
Dementia and Depression.
In certain cases patients develop agitation due to there incapability in
such cases our medicines help by relieving symptoms thus bringing back
the lost confidence.
Homoeopathic treatment is strongly suggested. As timely administration
of homoeopathic medicines prevents further progression of disease.
Our Team of doctors at DRSS provides special consultation
services in such cases. Patients are advised to go in for consultation
so as there disease state can be reviewed and the mode of treatment can